Initially education was not accessible to all parts of the world. But now the modern education has become, in line with Plato’s teaching philosophy, a structured system that the state needs and supports. In parts of the world, education is now a basic right for children. No of the financial position of the parents, a child must now attend school at a
certain age. The nature and scope of the education these days is now widened up to so many levels. Formal Education is basically one of them.
• What is formal education?
Formal education is structured and systematic in nature. This is the
education offered to students by educated teachers of a specified
standard. Formal education in a country shall be managed by
organisations to ensure that formal learning is standardised and all
educational meet these criteria.
Formal education is based on classrooms, and the only objective of
formal training is to provide a student with books and other
educational materials. Every teacher is trained and licenced to teach
children, and the pupils are the same teachers that students see each
day to maintain continuous education and training.
Predisposed, stringent, planned and purposeful teaching methods and
curricula used. Learning is divided into divisions and six months. The results and understanding of students are tested using standardised
tests and examinations at the end or finish of each part and semester.
Students receive basic intellectual skills during formal education. It is
held in a classroom and begins at primary, secondary, and college and
Basic 5 characteristics of formal education
- It is timely, syllabus-oriented and professional, with distinct goals
- The teaching consists of direct education and teaching.
- It aims to prepare children for every stage of life in which they
may take up an appropriate career in order to reach adulthood
and lead a socially desirable life.
- A way of evaluating students how much they have learned and a
guide to assessing their performance in terms of a percentage.
- Formal education focuses on the development of 3Rs; reading,
writing and arithmetic and frequently fails to realise a child’s
The formal education framework is classified into four types according
to the ability of a student to comprehend knowledge.
Children from 3 to 6 years are sometimes referred to as Early
Childhood Education. Majorly focuses around reading, writing,
counting etc. Although some education systems globally require students to go to all pre-school levels, it is not necessary in other
systems as long as they can read and write in elementary school.
- Elementary School
The first few years of child education are dealt with in primary
school, sometimes also known as Grade school. During this stage,
the students acquire the basics of reading, mathematics and other
basic education levels.
- Secondary school
Secondary education or high school is separated into lower high
school, which deals with more advanced general knowledge on
subjects, and high school, which focuses on employment-relevant
education after compulsory education.
- Postgraduate education
All formal education optionally falls under post-secondary training.
These include bachelor and graduate programmes, law school,
medical school, professional school, college and much more.
Postgraduate education is the greatest level of education one can
– Mahira Khan