Online classrooms are a virtual technique of linking students’ teachers. It is simple and requires a system of learning management in order to preserve a corpus of education. Good internet, laptop and mobile teaching are required for online classrooms. Teachers can record students’ activities on the web platform. The classes can be used from anywhere, anytime. It is free, accessible, and highly adaptable.

In other words, online education is a type of learning in which students use their home computers to access information over the internet. Also known as Computer-based training, Web-based training, Internet-based training, Online training, E-learning (electronic learning), M-learning (mobile learning), Computer-aided distant education.

How do Online classes work?

During the pandemic, a new virus never before detected was introduced yet simultaneously the globe found a very interesting means of educating itself, which has been supported, as well as discouraged. In hard times without having to attend school, online classes are a virtual platform designed to students where they can study. The class structure is pretty easy.

Students are approved by their respective education organizations with the Learning Management System. These sites track the student’s evaluation, classes, participation and testing. In such an education system pupils need to watch the video that can be downloaded or uploaded in advance.

Students can study from their individual instructors through live video and can always learn and comprehend the concepts. It’s a form of educating asynchronously. The advantages of such a system are that education is very adaptable and may be evaluated everywhere. If the video lesson is recorded, there is no time limit. Ultimately, students create a very close understanding relationship with their teachers. Good internet and digital devices such as a laptop or telephone are the essential requirements of online training.

Advantages of Online Education:

The pandemic has led to the genesis of online education. It has widely affected global education both positively and negatively. Let us view the positive side of online education.

Cost-Effective: The use of financial aids for attaining your passion has drawn an end. Money is spent only on learning materials and internet accessibility.

Location Independence: The most modern facility of Covid-19 is to learn from the comfort of your house. There is a temporary ban on the permanence of the classroom. Now being in the Indian Territory, you can access the learning of Georgia.

Improve Self-Discipline: Roles of motivators are fading in online education. So, the characters need the change that can initiate a routine worker for earning the benefits of online education.

Career Advancement: It is a tough job for the working class. Finding the space for learning a course in a busy schedule is hardly possible. Now it is at your fingertip. You can also become tech-savvy on the course of your journey.

Disadvantages of Online Education:

The transition from offline to online has witnessed a lot of trial rounds. The changes have not surpassed all the quality tests. The limitations are as follows:

Social Isolation: Online education has replaced the usual friends’ circle and campus living. It may lead to social isolation and mental depression of individuals.

Reduction in practical experience: Many streams of education require practical experience rather than theoretical knowledge. As campuses are closed due to temporary shutdowns, students can’t access the lab sessions.

Lack of quality assurance tests: Lack of quality assurance tests for online education. There is no credibility for the materials provided. It may vary according to the institutions.

Inaccessible in remote areas: The individuals in remote areas have interrupted network facilities. It may lead to a vague idea about their subjects of specialization.

Online Games in classes: The trend of online learning has provided individuals access to online gaming. This leads to addiction. Some are even leading to death.

Does online education have any future for students?

This current condition of COVID has taken us close to online learning, which has not been around for a few years now. The question is how students can so readily comfortably shift the pattern of schooling. Well, the answer is evident because it let them realise that even in simplest methods education may be gained.

Online education provides open pathways which they were previously unknown. They can get education from anywhere, review the session every time, clear their concepts and get teacher help wherever they desire. Students can get training from anywhere. It also reduced the student costs, as a result of which parents were also encouraged.

Both parents and the student adapt to the present condition and sure, the contemporary education system can be seen as an alternative. However, due to online learning, the physical presence of a teacher has disappeared from the lives of the students, moreover, it will also lead to a loss of respect and a warm feeling to the teacher. Additionally, the continuous presence of good internet services is a necessity that people across the country still cannot achieve.

Lastly, I would say that yes there are both pros and cons to online education but if things are handled sincerely by teachers, students and under proper support of government it could be made a success.

If online education continues what will happen?

We will see a tremendous shift in schooling in the next 10 years. Online education might take the lead since it dominates the usual business model of education. Many positive things may emerge from online learning. Of which some are:

  • Homeschooling: Home-school children will be then capable of using incredible internet learning resources that enable them to learn with less effort.
  • Live education: Sitting in a class watching an instructor explain complex things, can also be done via the virtual learning system.
  • Flexibility: On-line schools can be used by the students without worrying about travel and document acquisition, or even visas.
  • No limit for students: There will be no limit with an online classroom. Anyone who would like to be in the class could.
  • Advanced resource management: Online learning tools are always available for students enrolled in digital courses. Of course, not all resources will be free, but they will still somewhat affordable.

The maturation of education technology has made online education more accessible and manageable than ever. A computer, Internet connection and a few basic IT skills are every prospect of a student. It can be stated that although online education is more accessible, considering the whole range of advantages and limitations, its limitations are why the traditional way of learning is never going to vanish.

What is the Legal View on Online Education?

Due to the sudden outbreak of the pandemic, the pattern of teaching from traditional to online teaching changes dramatically. Rural areas who have no access to internet or electronic gadgets are losing their education and have not been able to afford it. Similarly, where gender disturbances are higher than the others, the rates of dropout are high. Since several basic rights conferred upon us by the Constitution have been violated, namely, the right to livelihood, the right to effective healthcare, the right to life or even to education, the government has therefore, taken various steps to deal with the situation.

Initiatives taken by Government:

UGC has introduced regulations & recognized the validity of the University Grant Commission (Online Courses or Programme) Regulations of 2018 (Online Education Regulations) for graduation, diplomas or certificates offered by means of online mode.

The government, which is to be approved by the UGC, has also provided the guidelines for Online Education for HEI (Institutes of Higher Education). The above procedure must be followed strictly. Massive Open Online Courses (MOOCs) need no approval and the university grant commission has approved all programmes that can offer graduations (UGC).

The Education Minister has promoted the use of television and DTH rather than just smart phones as mentioned by the National Mission for Information and Communications Technology Education scheme (NMEICT).

List of free e-Learning platforms specifically developed by the Government of India:

SwayamDiksha
e-ShodhSindhue-PG Pathshala
Swayam PrabhaNPTEL
·       National Academic Depository (NAD)E-shrodh Sindhu
National Digital Library of India (NDL India)Virtual Labs
E-YantraTalk to a Teacher Program
E- AcharyaE- Kalpa
VidwanFOSSEE e.i., Free/Libre and Open Source Software in Education
Global Initiative of Academic Networks (GIAN)Spoken Tutorial
IMPRINT (IMPacting Research INovation and Technology)Baadal
ARIIA i.e., Atal Ranking of Institutions on Innovation AchievementsSAKSHAT: A One Stop Education Portal
ShodhGangotri/ShodhGangaOSCAR (Open Source Courseware Animations Repository)
National Digital Educational Architecture (NDEAR)VLE (Virtual Learning Environment)

The Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD) has issued guidelines concerning the screen time limit “Pragyata.” Internet access has also been developed under the BHARAT NET scheme, etc. The guidelines include eight steps to be followed in an orderly way by online learning:

Plan Review
ArrangeAssign
GuideTrack
TalkAppreciate