Internet of Things (IoT)

The Internet of Things (IoT) is that the network of physical objects or “things” implant with electronics, software,Sensors, and networking connectivity devices, which enables these objects to converge and confab data.IoT permits objects to be recognize and control remotely across subsist network infrastructure, creating opportunities.

What is IoT?

For more undeviating integration between the physical world and computer based systems, and resulting in enhanced Efficiency, exactness and economic benefit.

 

“Things”, within the IoT , can ask a acceptable sort of devices and machines like heart monitoring implants, biochip Transponders on livestock , electric clams in coastal waters, automobiles with integral sensors, DNA analysis devices For environmental/food/pathogen monitoring or field operation devices that assist fire­fighters in search and operation .These devices gather handy data with help of varied existing technologies then autonomously flow the info between Other devices.

-by Komal Yadav

Hardware of IoT

The Internet of Things (IoT) is a massive network of interconnected things and people that all collect and share data on how they are utilized and the world around them.Hardware used for IoT includes: 

  • SENSORS: Sensors are attached to the physical devices, which create electrical impulses that can be interpreted and read by other sensors and devices. 

  • DIGITAL SENSORS: Digital sensors are an alternative to analog sensors. They convert and transmit data digitally. Sensors, cables, and transmitters are the three main components of digital sensors. 

  • ACTUATORS: The actuators act on the readings transmitted from the sensors. They respond physically to the electrical inputs they receive. 

  • RFID TECHNOLOGY: Radio -Frequency Identification uses radio waves to identify the data on the label attached to the particular object. Those labels can be passive or battery-powered and are embedded with a transmitter and a receiver. 

  • WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORKS: WSN is a wireless network that covers the autonomous devices distributed in a defined area that use sensors to monitor the environmental conditions.  

  • PARTICIPATORY SENSING TECHNOLOGY: Participatory sensing is a data gathering and interpretation technique in which users utilize their equipment to systematically investigate the desired data. These developing systems require ubiquitous data gathering, leveraged data processing, and personal data vaults.

     

    -by Snehal Parab

    IoT Applications

    IoT applications serve to make our surroundings and appliances much easier for us to use. It helps us have fun, help people, and focus on proper things in life. It reduces labour and human errors, too. In case you haven’t been aware of them, here are 5 IoT applications that help shape the way we live in the 21st century. Of course, these are only few when compared to the many other IoT applications out there!

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    • Smart Homes: Smart homes make it much easier for us to live in our homes with the help of automatic lighting systems, automatic and enhanced locking systems, and enhanced CCTV surveillance among many other such improvements. You’ll also be able to control your electronic and entertainment appliances with a few taps of your finger! If you have an IoT enabled device at home, it would make it much easier for you to stay safe and secure while also having fun at the same time. Examples include Samsung SmartThings and Amazon Echo.

    • Self-driven cars: If you ever get to be in a self-driven car, you no longer have to worry about safety since self-driven cars ensure security of its passengers by driving safely on roads and among traffic. It works by using several sensors and embedded systems that are connected to the Cloud and internet. It keeps generating data that are sent to the Cloud for making informed decisions. A well-known example of a self-driven car is Tesla.

    • IoT Retail Shops: Ever been to Amazon Go? Here, you no longer have to carry your actual physical wallet or debit cards anymore! Also, items you pick at Amazon Go gets added automatically to your Amazon shopping cart! If you want to replace an item you picked from a shelf, that item will get deleted from the shopping cart list and will get replaced by the new item you replaced it with. Also, no more standing in line to get your items billed! All you have to do is walk out of the supermarket with your purchased items since the money will have already been deducted from your Amazon e-wallet. How wonderful is that?

    • Farming: IoT farming applications such as automated irrigation systems, agricultural drones for field surveillance, and smart greenhouses that monitor and control the climate help farmers keep a better eye on their crops and have a more productive yield. Such tools function with the help of sensors such as light, humidity, soil moisture, temperature, etc. This helps farmers monitor their crop’s condition from anywhere!

    • Smart Cities: IoT is making its way into cities as well by enabling connected technologies into a city’s infrastructure. Automated waste management systems, traffic management, water distribution, and electricity management are a few examples of how this is taking place. This helps reduce manual intervention and eases the lives of people living in the city. Amsterdam was the first virtual smart city in history which was initiated in the year 1994.

    -by Sharika Benny

    What is IoT Security?

    IoT security covers both physical device security and network security, and impacts the processes, technologies, and measures necessary to protect IoT devices and networks. It
    spans industrial machines, smart energy grids, building automation systems, entertainment devices, and more, including devices that often aren’t designed for network security. IoT device security must protect systems, networks, and data from a broad spectrum of IoT security attacks, which target four types of vulnerabilities:

    • Communication attacks on the data transmitted between IoT devices and servers.

    • Lifecycle attacks on the IoT device as it changes hands from user to maintenance.

    • Attacks on the device software.

    • Physical attacks, which directly target the chip in the device.

    -by Navya Nikitha

    IOT Security

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      Security issues may represent the greatest obstacle to growth of the Internet of Things. How can semiconductor companies help resolve them?
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      Over the past few years, the Internet of Things (IoT) has captured headlines across the world, with newspaper and magazine articles describing its potential to transform our daily lives. With its network of “smart,” sensor-enabled devices that can communicate and coordinate with one another via the Internet, the IoT could facilitate computer-mediated strategies for conducting business, providing healthcare, and managing city resources, among numerous other tasks. For the public, the IoT could transform many of our most mundane activities by enabling innovations as diverse as self-driving cars and connected refrigerators capable of sending pictures of their contents to shoppers in grocery stores.

     

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      Although the IoT is still a nascent phenomenon, with many aspects of its infrastructure under development, the McKinsey Global Institute predicts it could have an annual economic impact of $3.9 trillion to $11.1 trillion worldwide by 2025. For the semiconductor sector, one of the many industries poised to benefit from the IoT’s growth, the economic gains could be particularly significant. The IoT’s way forward may be complicated, however. As with any market in its early stages, growth projections could prove overly optimistic if innovators and business leaders are unable to overcome various technological, regulatory, and market challenges. In the case of the IoT, weak
      security may be the most important issue—a point underscored by a survey that McKinsey conducted in 2015 in collaboration with the Global Semiconductor Alliance (GSA).1 When we asked respondents about their greatest concerns about the IoT, security topped the list.

         

        -by Navya Nikitha

        Future of IoT

        The future of IoT has potential to rule the world and the most used in daily life. Advances to the industrial internet will be accelerated through increased network agility, integrated artificial intelligence (AI) and the capacity to deploy, automate and secure diverse use cases at hyperscale. One thing about the future of IoT devices is certain: they are not going away anytime soon. As networks and IoT platforms evolve to overcome these challenges, through increased capacity and AI, service providers will edge furthermore into IT and web scale markets – opening entire new streams of revenue.

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        • Artificial Intelligence- Machine learning is a type of artificial intelligence that helps computers “learn” without someone having to program them. The computers are programmed in a way that focuses on data that they receive which can then help the machine “learn” what your preferences are and adjust itself accordingly.
        • Smart Cities– Cities and companies will increasingly adopt smart technologies to save time and money. Cities will be able to automate, remotely manage, and collect data through things like video camera surveillance systems.
        • Smart Cars– You might not think of your car as an Internet of Things device. But new cars will increasingly analyse your data and connect with other IoT devices — including other high-tech vehicles on four wheels.
        • Smart Industries– Industries from manufacturing to mining rely on digital transformation to become more efficient and reduce human error.

        -by Jagruti Timande