Topic: FINLAND- A learner’s paradise

Introduction to Finland’s education system.

  • When it comes to academia and learning, Finland is regardedas the world’s top education system.

  • Finland soars high in the high school graduation rate and
    ranks 8th in the most educated country criterion.

  • Finns and EU/EEA citizens have free access to education
    (from pre-primary to higher education) since education is a
    universal right.

  • Education begins at seven years old, and there is no
    standardised testing system.

  • They emphasise both intellectual and vocational foundations
    in their curriculum.

  • Additionally, a master’s degree from an institution that
    specialises in this discipline is the minimal need for
    becoming a teacher. It shows that they are not willing to fall
    behind in any area of schooling.






How Finland’s education system fares well than the USA

Finland is the 8th most educated country in the world.
In education ranking by countries in 2021 Finland was ranked at third.
It also has the highest ranking in high school completion rates. Finland’s education system is better than the USA’s.

Finland does things differently from the United States. A few differences are:

Having few working days, having no homework, and focusing more on learning than on teaching.

Students in Finland have activities involved to test their skills rather than actually testing.

In Finland, the teaching average is about 20.6 hours per week.
Finnish school teachers are more qualified and accepted only if they have a degree.

It’s not the same in the USA.

Students do better academically because teachers in Finland get more academic preparation which gives them more experience when comparing to USA Finnish education focuses more on learning than testing. On the other hand, US education focuses more on testing.

Basic Priorities of Finland’s education system.



• Finland’s education system is different from ours and the
mainstream western education systems.

• As a nation,
Finland places a high value on Families with
children are well-served, with more than 55 percent of its
budget coming from the federal government.

• All students begin their formal schooling at seven and are
entitled to free meals, health care, and out-of-class child care.
Formal education begins following a state-sponsored
compulsory kindergarten program that includes outdoor play
and exploration.

• School is compulsory until the ninth grade, with two high
school tracks: general academic and vocation.

• The vocational track is chosen by about 40% of pupils since
there will be an increased demand for specialized individuals
such as computer coders and engineers during the next ten

Equal career opportunities for every citizen in Finland

Equality has been written into the Finnish law.
Issues on equality in working life are enacted in the Equality Act and Employment Contracts Act.

They state that employees must be treated equally as regards employment, working conditions, conditions of employment, staff training and career advancement.

The Equality Act provides that job seekers are treated equally.
An employer shall choose the most distinguished applicant for the task. The employer must also be able to prove that the choice is justified on acceptable grounds related to the nature of the work and that the choice was not made on discriminatory bases.
Qualities that are not necessary for the performance of the tasks must not be required of job seekers.

Phenomenon-based learning style of Finland schools.

The education system in Finland has made it mandatory
throughout the country to follow the phenomenon-based learning style.

Traditional, subject-based learning is obsolete and disconnected from the actual world, making it unsuitable for the development of 21st-century skills.
Phenomenon-based learning is a multidisciplinary approach.

The method reflects a shift toward a new cross-curricular approach to organizing learning in schools.
Students aged 7 to 16 in Finland are required to participate in a minimum of one multidisciplinary PhenoBL module each year.

The modules intend to investigate real-world phenomena that can be viewed from opposing and complementary perspectives.
Holistic, authenticity, contextuality, problem-based inquiry, and open-ended learning processes are the five dimensions of the phenomenon-based approach to education.

Teacher Education in Finland

Teacher training in Finland is arranged by universities and vocational institutes of higher education.
Pre-school teachers get a bachelor’s degree in educational science, This degree qualifies to serve as a
kindergarten teacher and as a pre-school teacher.

Classroom teachers get a master’s degree in educational science. This degree qualifies to serve as a
classroom teacher and as a pre-school teacher.
Subject teachers get a Master’s degree, the extent of which is 300 credits. There are two possibilities
to get into the subject teacher education. The more common way is to start studying the subject at
the university first and then later the pedagogical studies. After these pedagogical studies, one is
qualified to teach the subject in question. The other way is to apply directly to the subject teacher

This direct selection to teacher education is getting more common, but so far it is only
possible in few subjects.
Special-education teachers get a Master’s degree in educational science. This degree qualifies to
serve as a special-education teacher in comprehensive schools, and as a classroom teacher.
Vocational school teachers as a rule get a degree at a university or at a vocational institute of higher
education, then they work for a few years, and after that, they do the pedagogical studies at a
vocational institute of higher education to qualify to serve as teachers.