• Introduction

“I couldn’t afford to pay my fees with the ongoing pandemic” this statement is most probably one of the foremost reasons
why most of the students, especially from rural areas dropped out since when the schools and other educational institutions
shut down.

A country like India, where the education system has already somewhat failed, is facing higher increment in educational
dropouts this year. You will be surprised that how over one fourth of the population never turns out well educated, and
never get to realize their full potential by getting the right education.

There are some major initiatives by the government to slow down the dropout rates, but the situation has not improved so
far. Initially in 2020 the dropout rate of India was finally less than 3%, but with the pandemic the situation is reversed now Not only a financial crisis, but also inability to continue with the studies due to internet connection is also coming up as a major reason for the increased dropouts so far this year.


  • Increased dropouts anticipated

To measure the anticipated dropouts, there are some major surveys and researches going on. According to Prof. Amrita Rampal, the percentage of girls is over 20% who are estimated who are not able to return their school, not even after when
the pandemic is over. To discuss the increased dropouts anticipated different surveys on the ground has been
formulated some of which are:

  • Nobel Laureate Kailash Satyagrahi

According to Kailash Satyagragi, and the survey, it has been anticipated that about 20 % of the folks in rural areas are
already considering withdrawing their child from the school in order to sustain their daily expenses during lockdown

According to the report, after the shutdown of India the expectations from their children, especially girls, to contribute
in financial earning activities to deal with the financial crisis have increased.

  • Pune Municipal Corporation

According to the survey circulated by PMC, about 2,457 of the students have been dropped out of the schools already under
PMC area. About 46.89 % of students are not able to attend their school due to the COVID pandemic.

  • UNICEF and ILO

A report created by UNICEF under the partnership with ILO highlighted how temporary school shut downs can increase the
intensity of the child labor in some major rural areas in India as well as in other such counties. This will result in increased
dropouts anticipated.

  • UNTAD “The COVID 19 Crisis”

It has been anticipated under the study that about 20-30 % of the students are expected to drop out of schools; however, the
number of girls dropout will be higher.

The reason for this major dropout is the fact that only 7-8 percent of rural households have the access to the internet which is hindering overall study rates.

  • UNESCO

According to the study covering over 180 countries all around the world, increase dropouts anticipated is described with the
estimation that about 24 million children may never return to their studies now.

258 million are anticipated as those students who were already dropped out even before the crisis. UNESCO also estimated the overall number of enrollment at the secondary and the primary levels of school has now fallen down to only 11 million.

Globally, girls are severely affected with the onset of COVID 19, and most of them are expected to now help their parents in
household chores and responsibilities.

  • NSSO National Sample Survey Organization

According to National Sample Survey Organization’s survey report for the year 2018, around 3.33% of children of age 6-17
years were out of school. Now, according to the survey conducted this year this estimated value of drop outs is
doubled due to the COVID.

Moreover, it has also been anticipated that if the gap in school reopening and its closure will widen up, more children will be
employed to different schemes, mainly in schemes like the MNREGA.


  • Conclusions

According to experts and some surveys, students from social groups like Dalits, Muslims, and Adivasis, will be adversely
affected. With the prolonged delays in reopening of schools, the estimated value may also get doubled this year.

According to the hypothesis set by UNICEF and ILO, 1% of the increase in poverty will consequently result in increase in 0.7% of child labor. When the intensity of child labor will rise, the students staying home while schools are not open, may forced to get employed by their parents in order to earn extra.

Post By : Manali Kapadnis

(web developer)