CAI can take variety of forms for providing self- individualized instructions to a learner depending on the computer services available.

  • Information of Instruction:

It helps the learner get the desired information he need. Here the computer can serve the role of an enquiry officer, to respond to the student’s enquiry with answers it has stored. It provides minimal interaction between the student and the computer programme. The sole purpose of this type of CAI is to provide essential information
for the acquirement of concepts and skills.

  • Drill and Practice Programmes:

Drill and practice programmes simply assist the students in remembering and utilizing information that the teacher has already presented, reinforcing previous learning through repetition. It is most important in improving knowledge level.

  • Tutorial Type Computer Assisted Instructions :

In this type of CAI, the computers are engaged in actual teaching. Here they can play effectively the role of a tutor by maintaining a perfect interaction and dialogue with the individual students.

The tutorial programmes are prepared not only to have instruction in topics such as Newton’s laws of motion, sets and their operations, solar and lunar eclipses but also to provide sufficient practice, having proper track of the students’ difficulties and performance and move the students on the path of progress according to their own pace, abilities and requirements.

If the student has been able to master a concept, the CAI programme provides the next step of instruction, but if he
is not able to achieve mastery, the programme provides the remedial solution.

  • Educational Games Type:

In it, the learners are provided with a variety of well- designed computer games. These games should not be confused with academic type games.

Their purpose is only to provide intellectual challenge, stimulation of curiosity and serve as a source of
review or reward for some accomplishment for the learner.

  • Simulation Type Of Instruction :

Simulation is used as a technique for providing training to students. Such activities provide powerful learning tools to them. With the carefully prepared programmes, the students are made to face real or idealised situations.

  • Problem Solving Type:

Requires the students to use high level cognitive abilities in the process of considering the problem at hand, analyzing the problem situation and its various solutions, predicting respective outcomes, determining which specific plan to attempt and
enacting the appropriate actions.

  • Practical Work Oriented Instructions:

CAI programmes can provide valuable help in supplementing laboratory and other practical work. A student can learn so many things about the science experiments before actually performing them in his practical class by watching and following a
computer programme made for this purpose.

Similarly, he can avail the necessary skills and experiences about practical tasks in other fields before actually engaging in
such practical activities. Thus, the children will have a necessary preparation and background from computers for their better performances at the school hours.

  • Learning Affair Managing Type:

In this type of instructional activities, the computer assisted programmes provide valuable help in managing and supervising the learning affairs of the students.

They can have a proper check over the learning activities of individual students by identifying their academic weaknesses through extensive diagnostic testing and to prescribe educational programmes to meet their individual needs.

Post By : Manali Bhaskar Kapadnis

(web developer)