Introduction:-

The COVID-19 pandemic has affected educational systems worldwide, leading to the near-total closures of schools,
universities and colleges.

Most governments decided to temporarily close educational institutions in an attempt to reduce the spread of COVID-19. As
of 12 January 2021, approximately 825 million learners are currently affected due to school closures in response to the
pandemic. According to UNICEF monitoring, 23 countries are currently implementing nationwide closures and 40 are
implementing local closures, impacting about 47 percent of the world’s student population. 112 countries’ schools are currently open.

Learners affected by school closures caused by COVID-19 as of
February 2021
Full school closures
Partial school closures
Academic break
Online learning
No school closures No data


  • Overview :

The current context under the threat of the pandemic as a result of COVID-19 is causing a series of transformations in the
different spheres of social, political, labor, and economic life. Different governments have launched emergency policy
initiatives based on the suspension of classes and the closure of educational centers to continue teaching activities from
homes telematically through the use of information and communication technologies to be able to stop the number of
infections.

This study focused on the consequences of the pandemic in the field of education. Specifically, in the paradigm
shift that is assuming the transfer from face-to-face teaching to online teaching and how education professionals must face
adaptation to the new global context through the online modality, a movement that has occurred and is occurring in a
frantic and abrupt way.

Consequently, education professionals are carrying out a process of assimilation toward new circumstances with a few difficulties, causing situations of high levels of stress. A survey of more than 10,000 teachers revealed that 92.8% of teachers suffered emotional exhaustion, stress, anguish, or anxiety due to confinement and distance education.

Excessive bureaucratic tasks, unclear instructions, lack of support in teleworking, and lack of technical means were the main problems pointed out by teachers.

Possible difficulties facing such policies include poor online teaching infrastructure, lack of teacher training, information gap, and complex home environment. To address the specific problem of teacher training, this analysis suggests teacher training through a series of training guidelines.

This analysis is based on the significant deficit in digital competence and knowledge of the use of ICT by education
professionals. This question becomes a crucial issue in the current context of school closings and the necessary adaptation
of online teaching. Different empirical studies have reported the improved knowledge of teachers’ digital competence.

This study has confirmed the existence of an important gap in the teacher training in the use of ICT and its
application in the classroom.


  • Analysis of the Current Educational Context during the Pandemic Caused by COVID-19:-

One of the first decisions that the various governments made was to close educational center. A decision was made based
on the indications of previous investigations for pandemic situations, and they concluded that the closure of educational
center together with the implementation of measures such as the isolation of the sick or suspected ill in hospitals or
residences, the ban on public gatherings, and the closure of roads and rail lines were effective measures to slow the
advance of a pandemic.

The report concluded that in the event of a pandemic, decision-making about non-pharmaceutical
interventions should be taken into account to implement the use of vaccines, drugs, and prophylactic treatments, although
only as a last resort and only for extremely lethal infections, given the high damage to society.

In addition, it is the circumstance that COVID-19 is transmitted more easily among the child population than among adults and faste .This behaviour of the virus in childhood reaffirms the decision to close schools.

Along the same lines, another study by McMaster University analysed the consequences of the closure of schools for the treatment of a 2009 flu epidemic in a region of Canada and concluded that this measure reduced contagion by 50%. According to United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) data as of 3 May 2020, almost 1.2 billion students and youth around the world were affected by the closure of schools and universities due to the outbreak of COVID-19, representing 70% of this social segment worldwide.

This same body has analysed the consequences of the closure of schools and has established a series of
arguments as to why it is a phenomenon of maximum urgency. Among the consequences for children of confinement are the
psychological effects, social isolation, difficulties in accessing nutrition, and lack of physical exercise.

Post By: Manali Kapadnis

(web developer)